The total area of greenhouses in Greece is estimated to 6050 ha, of which about 2700 hectares are located in Crete. The main crops in the greenhouses are tomato, pepper, cucumber, eggplant, zucchini, etc.
Greenhouse cultivation enables us to:
- Arrange the early or late time of the production
- Avoid damage to both plant material and products from extreme weather conditions (air, rain, hail, snow, etc.)
- Optimize the quality and increase the production
- Regulate the climatic conditions in the greenhouse (Temperature, humidity, radiation, etc.), permit to avoid the development of diseases and the pests problems, but from the other hand helps to the development of the plants, the desired timing of the production Etc.
Cultivate in a greenhouse environment allows us to implement pioneer and innovative plant protection programs. The release of beneficial insects and the use of Mating Disruption Pheromones for the control of pests, the use of bombs for the pollination of flowers, the placement of traps for monitoring and mass trapping of pests, are some of the important parts of the Integrated Pest Management.